The action is implemented by five National Red Cross Societies (NCS) of the target countries (Senegal, Gambia, Burkina Faso, Niger, Mali) and the Spanish, Luxembourg and Danish Red Cross with the aim of implementing the IFRC Global Migration Strategy 2019-2022 in the West Africa sub-region.
Each National Society in the target countries is responsible for implementing the action at the national level as well as coordinating with state and non-state actors at the national level.
The Spanish Red Cross is in charge of the regional coordination of the scheme together with the other partners involved in the project.
Spanish Red Cross
The Spanish Red Cross is a voluntary humanitarian institution of public interest founded on 6 July 1864 in accordance with the International Conference of Geneva of 1863. It is an auxiliary institution of the public authorities and the main national organisation for emergency and natural disaster response. The Spanish Red Cross is present, according to the latest data in its 2021 annual report, in more than 36 countries with 283 ongoing projects.
The general objective of the Spanish Red Cross is the dissemination and application of the fundamental principles (Humanity, Impartiality, Neutrality, Independence, Voluntariness, Unity and Universality) of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, the search for and promotion of peace, as well as national and international cooperation, developing its activity in all sectors of international action with projects in the 5 continents, the dissemination and teaching of international humanitarian law, humanitarian diplomacy, and the dissemination and defence of human rights.
The Spanish Red Cross, as a humanitarian and voluntary organisation rooted in society, offers global responses to vulnerable people, from a human development perspective. Its mission is to be ever closer to vulnerable people at national and international level through integrated actions, carried out by volunteers and with broad participation.
DANISH RED CROSS
The Danish Red Cross ( DRC ) is part of the International Red Cross Movement which helps people in need around the world. The DRC works neutrally and impartially in hot spots around the world to improve the conditions of vulnerable people. It has been working in the Sahel region and particularly in Mali for over 20 years. Since 2012, DRC has been supporting the Malian Red Cross (MRC) to implement risk reduction and community resilience programmes in the regions of Gao, Segou and Mopti. The CRM is one of the main partners that has played an important role in reducing the vulnerability of migrants along the migration route in Mali. Indeed, migrants in need go to Red Cross offices or partner associations of the Malian Red Cross to seek and obtain assistance. In cases of extreme protection needs, the Red Cross deploys its assistance teams to hard-to-reach locations where there are vulnerable migratory flows. The MRC’s extensive network of volunteers provides it with a unique ability to locate and access migrants, enabling it to refer them if necessary to the appropriate organisations to assist them. Also, the MRC, as an auxiliary of the state, cooperates with local authorities to assist migrants at the local level.
Gambia Red Cross
The Gambia Red Cross Society (GRCS) was established in April 1948 as a branch of the British Red Cross and became a recognized independent National Society in 1966 following the ratification of the Geneva Convention in 1966. The GRCS was recognized by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in 1974 and by the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) in 1977. It is a humanitarian organization legally incorporated by Act of Parliament (Laws of The Gambia, 1966 revised 1990) with continuous succession.
The GRCS is an auxiliary branch of public authority and a key partner in the national effort to reduce vulnerability and improve people’s lives. It works to reduce vulnerability and improve the quality of life of the most vulnerable, reduce disaster risk by increasing community resilience, help reduce disease outbreaks, improve health mother and child and to reverse the trend of epidemics which threatens to erode the positive effects of the country’s socio-economic efforts. It is also an essential partner of the public authorities in the Gambia’s national disaster policy. Also, The GRCS disseminates the principles and values of the Red Cross Movement and promotes youth and gender initiatives, while working to increase the network of volunteers through the outreach strategy of the community by implementing community health and first aid activities.
BURKINABÉ RED CROSS
The Burkinabe Red Cross ( CRBF), a component of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, was officially recognised by the government of Burkina Faso as a voluntary, autonomous relief society, auxiliary to the public authorities and in particular to the military health services, in accordance with the provisions of the Geneva Conventions and as the only National Society able to carry out its activities throughout the national territory by Decree No. 262/PRES/IS-DI/SPP of 9 July 1962, modified by Decree No. 441/PRES/IS-DI of 20 September 1962.
The CRBF was recognised by the International Committee of the Red Cross by circular letter dated 1 November 1962. It has been a member of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies since 1963 and is established in the 45 provinces of the country through its provincial committees. According to its statutes, the CRBF bases its action on the same fundamental principles of the Movement: Humanity, Impartiality, Neutrality, Independence, Voluntary service, Unity and Universality.
Since 2001, it has established a separation of powers between governance and management. Governance is steered by a Board of Directors and management is entrusted to a General Secretariat. It focuses its interventions on nine (09) essential areas, namely
Communication, promotion of the Movement’s Fundamental Principles and humanitarian values
Health and nutrition
Disaster preparedness and response;
Water, hygiene, sanitation and shelter
Food security and livelihoods (SAME);
Education and youth employability;
Institutional and organisational development;
Education and child protection.
SENEGALESE RED CROSS
The Senegalese Red Cross (SRC) is a humanitarian institution created in 1962 and set up in 1963 in Dakar as an auxiliary of the public authorities and attached to the Ministry of Health and Social Action of Senegal. The Senegalese Red Cross is present throughout Senegal and has sufficient mobilisation capacity to intervene in multiple sectors in favour of the most vulnerable populations. To this end, it is structured into regional and local committees, ensuring its proximity presence throughout Senegal. Created with the aim of supporting and helping vulnerable people, SRC has carried out humanitarian and development projects in the fields of health and natural disaster response, education and childhood, nutrition, agricultural development, local governance and gender. These projects were carried out in partnership with the government and with the support of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) and partner National Red Cross Societies in the country.
MALIAN RED CROSS
The Malian Red Cross was founded on 20 August 1965 with the aim of promoting actions of a humanitarian nature to prevent and alleviate the suffering of people without taking into account aspects such as nationality, race, religious beliefs, social condition or political opinion. The mission of the Malian Red Cross is “to improve the conditions of vulnerable people by using the power of humanity”, and its actions, directed towards the most vulnerable populations, attempt to alleviate human suffering in all circumstances.
The Malian Red Cross has its headquarters in the district of Bamako and from there, the Executive Secretariat coordinates the implementation of projects, supported by the corresponding regional and local committees in the regions. This Secretariat is supported by the Logistics, Human Resources and Accounting Departments, as well as by the Programme Department, which in turn coordinates the operational departments of Health and Social Assistance (including experts in primary psychosocial support (SMPSS), Water, Hygiene and Sanitation, Nutrition and Social Action). ), Operations Department (includes experts in protection, food security and disaster preparedness and response) and the Red Cross Movement, Humanitarian Values and Communication Department. The organizational chart includes local field staff hired and linked to each project under implementation, and delegates from the Malian Red Cross National Partner Societies, who provide technical support to both field staff and operational departments.
The Malian Red Cross, as a local actor and thanks to its decentralised structure, has privileged access to the communities in the area of each intervention, since it has operational regional committees and a great capacity to mobilise volunteers, which allows it to be in permanent contact with the communities. On the other hand, the Malian Red Cross has extensive experience of working in sectors such as health (mainly reproductive, child and maternal health, water, hygiene and sanitation and nutrition), food security (promotion of agriculture, horticulture and livestock), disaster management (resilience, preparedness and response, climate change and assistance to displaced persons), promotion of humanitarian principles and values (promotion of international humanitarian law, Movement values and humanitarian diplomacy), and institutions and organisational development (staff training, strengthening association agreements and security).
NIGER RED CROSS
The Niger Red Cross ( NRC) was created on 13 July 1963 and operates in the territory of the Republic of Niger in accordance with the Geneva Conventions and their additional protocols, as well as the seven Fundamental Principles of the Red Cross and Red Crescent (Humanity, Impartiality, Neutrality, Independence, Voluntary service, Unity and Universality). Its aim is to prevent all kinds of suffering without distinction of race, nationality, religion, political or philosophical opinion. Its objectives are :
To act in times of conflict and in times of peace as an auxiliary to the public authorities in all the fields provided for by the International Geneva Conventions;
To prevent and manage disasters;
To contribute to the improvement of health and nutrition;
Promote international humanitarian law, the Fundamental Principles and the humanitarian values of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement.
NRC is a non-profit humanitarian association.
Since 1965, CRN has been recognised by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and admitted as a member of the International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent (IFRC). It receives technical, financial, material and human support from the IFRC and other National Red Cross Societies for the implementation of its programmes and projects.
Its interventions are mainly focused on 5 sectors and cover the 8 regions of the country through its regional and 48 local committees:
Disaster prevention and management;
Improving health, with a particular focus on combating malnutrition;
Promotion of access to water and sanitation;
It is the main national emergency response organisation.
INTERNATIONAL AID OF THE LUXEMBOURG RED CROSS
The International Aid of the Luxembourg Red Cross (AICRL) was created in 1989 by the Luxembourg Red Cross to implement and professionalise its international humanitarian assistance activities with the financial support of national and international donors. Its mission is to help vulnerable people to live with dignity and autonomy. By mobilising human solidarity, it acts in an exemplary, efficient and responsible manner to help people in precarious material, health and social situations, both in Luxembourg and abroad.
In accordance with its mission to “improve the housing and infrastructure of disaster victims and populations in precarious situations”, the AICRL is seeking solutions in terms of access to dignified, safe housing adapted to emergency and recovery situations. To this end, the AICRL develops prototypes of sustainable shelters and habitats through its Shelter Research Unit based in Luxembourg. In its projects implemented in 9 countries, housing activities are combined with complementary sectors such as water, hygiene, sanitation (WASH) and environment to address climate change. It is present in the sub-Saharan African countries of : Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, Chad, Burundi, Congo and Madagascar.
In these countries, it works to support the most vulnerable populations affected by disasters or conflicts in predominantly rural areas through assistance in housing, essential household items and WASH, with several modalities while taking into account protection aspects.